Residency programs generally require three letters of recommendation (LOR) in addition to your Dean’s Letter (MSPE). Some programs/fields will request four, and some programs will have stipulations concerning their make-up: one may need to be a so-called “chairman’s letter” or come from an outside institution or research mentor.
Obtaining a LOR:
The most important thing in choosing your letter writers is to choose someone who knows you well (and has worked with you clinically). Most people agree that a detailed and specific letter from a lesser-known faculty is superior to generic one from a more distinguished one. If a letter doesn’t say anything special about you that a reader can’t find from your grades or CV, then it doesn’t mean anything. Generic is a wasted opportunity.
Feel comfortable asking directly if your potential writer is comfortable writing a strong letter for you (awkward as that may be). You should generally have an idea who loves you enough to write you a good letter. You can ask graduating students at your school if they have worked with particular attendings that wrote good letters and attempt to work them early during the fourth year if possible.
You will provide each letter writer with a folder containing:
- Your Name
- Your ERAS Letter Request Form (LRF) (available when ERAS opens in June)
- Personal Statement
Give them advance notice (ask as early as possible) and don’t be afraid to disclose the relevant deadlines when the time comes. July is earliest date letters can be submitted. It is ideal to have all letters in by September 15 along with your application. Some letter writers will require gentle reminders. Do not be too afraid to do so politely, as your application and future are more important than the awkwardness of writing and sending an email. How early you get your application submitted can and does make a difference, particularly in fields that interview early (e.g. psychiatry, pediatrics, medicine, transitional years).
Letters of Recommendation and ERAS:
- Your letter writer uploads their LOR into ERAS via the Letter of Recommendation Portal (LoRP). Historically, your school would upload the LOR on behalf of the writer, but this middleman step just resulted in more delays.
- A maximum of four (but nearly always three) can be submitted through ERAS. Do not send 4 to programs that request 3. (That means that you should actually check the websites of all programs you apply to.)
- You can collect as many letters as you want and then choose which LOR to send to each program. This can be insurance against a flakey faculty member. No one will know if you don’t use their letter.
- Letters of Recommendation should mention your specialty. If you are applying to more than one, then you should have slightly different letters for each (can be nearly the same). “So-and-so will make a fine pediatrician” is an awkward line to read if you are the program director of a psychiatry program. ERAS allows you to pick and choose so don’t squander it by sending the wrong letter.
- You should always check the box saying you waive your right to see the LOR. It implies a level of trust and confidence in your writer that both programs and especially writers appreciate (if you are worried about the quality of the letter, then you should be asking someone else).